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Three Vehicles

1) Bodhisattva- vehicle (Mahayana - Paramitayana, Sutrayana and Vajrayana), 2) Pratyekabuddha-vehicle, 3) Shravaka- vehicle (Hinayana - Theravada).

In the Dharma Flower Sutra the Buddha reveals that his three teachings -- the Shravaka vehicle that leads to Arhatship, the Pratyekabuddha-vehicle that leads to Pratyekabuddhahood, and the Bodhisattva-vehicle that traverses the stages (Ten Grounds - Dasha Bhumi) of the Bodhisattva Path -- are all provisional, expedient (upaya paramita dharma) teachings. They lead to fruitions that have no reality in themselves. There is only one reality, and that is Buddhahood.

'It's like taking some milk and dividing it into three different glasses. Three people could each drink one glass, or one person could drink all three glasses, and it would be the same. It's just that if his or her capacity was not that great it might burst his or her stomach. And so the Buddha starts by dividing things up into smaller amounts for you, and when you've polished that much off, he pours you out some more. That's just what's going on.' (FAS-PII(1) 249)

(Source: Epstein, 2003: p. 202)


1) Chinese Mandarin: san cheng ; 2) Sanskrit: triyana; 3) Pali: -----.

See also: Two Truths, Dharma Flower Sutra - One Vehicle (Ekayana), Mahayana and Hinayana Compared, bodhi, bodhi resolve (Bodhichitta), Three Principle Aspects of the Path, Bodhisattva, Shravaka (lacks Bodhichitta initially), Arhat (Hearer, Auditor lacks Bodhichitta initially), Pratyekabuddha (Solitary Enlightened One), enlightenment, Eighty-Eight Deluded Viewpoints, Eighty-One Cognitive Delusions, Two Vehicles, Bodhisattva, Theravada School.

Buddhist Text Translation Society (http://www.BTTSonline.org) References: FAS-PII(1) 248-250.

(NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under Shastra tradition and "Fair Use" by an Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor (Compiler) of this Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)

Return to the list of Dharma terms

See Sanskrit Dharma Terms and other Ayurvedic - Buddhist - Yogic - Vedic - Hindu Words and Definitions in the Buddhist Ayurveda Degrees Course Code

SKT220



Adapted from Fair Use Source: Upasaka Ron Epstein, Buddhism A to Z, 1999: p. 202

Primary Original Source: The Tripitaka of Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya Dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian Sanskrit- Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda Tradition of ancient Nalanda University) of Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely Bodhisattva Bhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples.

These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya Venerables Nagarjuna, Ashvaghosha, Aryasura, Aryadeva, Kumarajiva, Shantideva, Chandrakirti, Chandragomin, Vasubandhu, Asanga, Hui Neng, Atisha, Kamalashila, Dharmarakshita, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Patanjali, Sushruta, Charaka, Vagbhata, Nichiren, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Shen Kai, Tenzin Gyatso, Kyabje Zopa, Ajahn Chah, Vasant Lad, and other modern day masters. We consider them to be in accord with Tripitaka Master ]]Hsuan Hua]]’s "Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers"

Nalanda Online University's teachings are based especially on the Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, the Prajna Paramita Hridayam Heart Sutra, the Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra, the Vajrayogini and Heruka Tantras and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters.


Fair Use Compilation Sources for the Above Material on the Teachings of the Buddha Dharma and Sangha:

Primary Fair Use Compilation Source: Epstein, Ronald B., Ph.D, compiler, Buddhist Text Translation Society's Buddhism A to Z, Burlingame, California: Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003. ISBN 0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20

{{amazon>0881393533}}


Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: The Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw


Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is "guest", with no password.

http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by Soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.


Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen, Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com,

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20,

http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm

{{amazon>9780877735205}}


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The Dharma is a Priceless Jewel, thus these research compilations of Ayurveda Dharma and audio and video teaching materials are offered free-of-charge by this anonymous practitioner for the Bodhi Resolve benefit of All Sentient Beings in the Universe under a Creative Commons License.

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Ayurveda Dharma is distributed via this GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) and/or under Creative Commons License Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/legalcode. Since words create our reality (see prajna), there are certain words to avoid: Please see also: Words to Avoid



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Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he.